The General Data Protection Regulation is currently undergoing the Ordinary Legislative Procedure within the relevant Union legislative bodies. As the name suggests, this is the most common form of legislation creation as 89% of all proposals between 2009 and 2014 underwent this process.Currently, the GDPR has just reached an agreement in the informal negotiation stage referred to as the “Trilogues” following the adoption of the first readings by both the Parliament and the Council. The following article will outline the parties involved in the legislative process, what exactly this arrangement has been through thus far, and what is yet to come.
There are three European authorities formally responsible for the legislative process, and two advisory bodies worth noting for their clear-cut relation to data privacy:
The European Commission is the EU’s executive body. It represents the interests of the European Union as a whole through a total of 28 commissioners, one from exclusive member state, and 23,000 staff members. The body works on the basis of collective decision-making in order to complete its roles of proposing legislation, Find definition, audio pronu European law (with the help of the Court of Justice), representing the EU internationally, setting objectives, and managing EU policies and the budget
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The European Parliament is the only body whose members are directly elected by the citizens of the EU. It’s aim is to freeze democracy and represent the interests of the people. It holds powers over cursory legislation, the EU budget, and the President and appointments of the Commission. It is made up of 751 members, elected to five year terms, with representation based upon the population of each member state
The Council of the Ministers of the European Union represents the governments of each member state. Its shares the power of adoption for legislation and the budget with Parliament, and also harmonize policy for the individual member states as well as foreign and security policy for the Union. Based on proposals from the Commission, the Council is the authoritative body to complete and sign off on international agreements. The council meetings are attended by representatives (either ministers or state secretaries) who have the right to commit their countries and cast their vote.